1. BACKGROUNDBarney and Betty Hill were driving home from their round trip to Canada on 19 September 1961 when this interracial couple had an experience that would change their lives. See Appendix G-2, Section 33.3 - Alien Visitors. Around 11 PM, on US Highway 3 near Cannon Mountain in New Hampshire, Barney noticed a strange object in the sky. He stopped the car as a pancake shaped vehicle the size of an airliner descended to near tree top level, revealing a double row of windows. After it landed, about half a dozen beings, in uniform and appearing slightly Asian, emerged and took them aboard in a hypnotic trance. During this abduction, Mrs. Hill was shown a star map by one of the aliens.
* Note - Some of Mrs. Hill's comments: In Figure 11-1, solid lines to stars P,S & U are double lines (indicating round trips), the latter shows the widest angular separation. Star D is the most distant star. Star T (at the far right and middle of the figure) is very close by. Star V is connected to star S by the double dashed lines and is close to star S. There are 5 lines between the two circles, with the upper circle being 10 to 20 % larger than the lower one. This is not as shown in the above 2-D representation of the original 3-D alien star map as the influence of perspective is lost. There is a second (out of plane) circle within each circle. The line to U is too high and should be lower - as depicted in the Fish Map (Figure 11-2). This line also originates near the middle of the upper circle. Arbitrary capitol letters are assigned the stars in this figure and they were not placed there by Mrs. Hill.
The Hills eventually remembered this encounter, and Mrs. Hill (who has a photographic memory) was cogent enough to sketch a 3-D star map shown to her by these UFO "aliens".1 See Figure 11-1. She reports that being told that the heavy lines between the big circles are trade routes and the solid lines to the solid dots are places they often visited. The broken lines were expeditions. Capitol letters, designating the star systems visited by the aliens, have been added for purposes of analysis. The sketch is based on hypnotic recall, and as such cannot be given the same rigorous adherence as measured scientific data. Nevertheless, the burden is on the investigator to understand the material reported instead of ridiculing the reporter and offering outlandish reasons to doubt her.
Fish was the first to try to analyze Betty Hill's star map. See Figure 11-2. She concluded that the aliens' home star system was a very highly separated (about a light year, or 63,000 AU, apart) binary, Zeta Reticuli, located some 37 light years from Earth. 2 From then on, UFOlogists have used the name "Reticulians" to describe aliens visiting Earth.
Some in the scientific community were quick to criticize Fish's analysis of Betty Hill's star map, but few presented any real explanations of their own. Robert Scheaffer and Charles W. Atterberg were exceptions. Atterberg produced a version with even closer stars, ones no more than 18.2 light years distant instead of ones 53 light years distant as used in the Fish version. Both can be found in Astronomy Magazine's famous The Zeta Reticuli Incident article.2 However, both forced the "nickel size" circles in Figure 11-2 to represent stars.
Forcing the nickel size circles to represent stars illustrates the "mind set" astronomers have as they accept "on faith" that single star systems are the ones most likely to have planets. for example, Fish criticized Atterberg for including double stars on his map! Should Betty Hill's circles represent stellar discs, the tidal forces between them would exclude planets. Then, the trade routes would suggest that the aliens live on the stars' surface. Alternately, if the stars were light year(s) apart, planetary orbits would be unresolvable and only one or two lines would be required to indicate a trade route. Both the foregoing conditions are unreasonable. The meaning of the circles and parallel lines were missed by both those brave enough to analyze the Hill map and by those astronomers who just criticized and scoffed at the analysis of others.
Fish's and Atterberg's maps appear in Figure 11-2 with the Hill sketch superimposed on both. Atterberg's map was the most cogent attempt to understand the Hill sketch. It defines a collection of nearby stars and possible "routes" as viewed from 17 Hr. 30 Min. Right Ascension (RA) and at - 10 deg. declination. This view is from just above the galactic center (17:39 RA, -29 deg. declination), an almost reasonable orientation.
2. THE ASTRO-METRICS VERSION OF THE HILL MAP
Consider Alpha Centauri, the nearest star system to our own and on the NASA SETI Targeted Search Master Star List. Figures 11-3 and 11-4 assumes this star system to be the origin of the aliens and offers different perspectives at different viewing angles.3 Remember, the stars were reported to be on a 3-D star map that changes perspective as the viewing angle changes. Thus, the distances are hard to represent on a 2-D figure. Just consider the view of objects on holograms that can be found at many variety or art stores.
The angles on the 3-D star map change with view angle. The Figure 11-3 map is locked to the galactic center/pole and the location of the Alpha Centauri star system. Specifically, the orientation of the galactic pole and the location of Alpha Centauri A define the plane. The Hill stars (Figure 11-1) are correlated to those in Figures 11-3 and 11-4 by capital letters. For example, D = 26 Draconis and C = 61 Cygni. More importantly, it is asserted that S = the Sun and V = Vulcan, and evidence supporting this assertion is presented later. The stars are set on pedestals; solid lines imply above and dashed lines imply below the galactic plane.
The Figure 11-3 is a view of Alpha Centauri and the near-by multiple (usually binary) stars would be seen as seen from the galactic center. By analogy, this is the view of someone's city on "an island" as they would see it standing on a mountain near the center of that island. Off to the left or right they would see other cities. Thus, the galactic center is a natural orientation from which to view a star map. The center of the map would be towards the aliens home star system. This is a wholly reasonable construct for an inter-stellar mobile culture.
Figure 11-4 illustrates the distortion of the star's position in the 3-D star map as the observer moves away from a head on (from the galactic center) view as Mrs. Hill would have seen the map if she could walk around it. Figure 11-4 is a view from an angle 45 deg. removed from the "galactic center" orientation. These two views are presented because the reported map was a 3-D holographic projection. The fit of these figures to the Hill star map is astounding because the measured distances from Alpha Centauri to the other related stars are found to fit a modified binary scale .
The basic principles of ASTRO-METRICS lead to the observation that at least two stellar objects are needed to form a solar system, and they, combined with the expansion of space during the Big Bang, will generate a Bode's law appearance to that solar system. Figure 11-3 is no more than a plot of two planets' orbits as they would appear orbiting the two nearby (A and B) stars in a binary star system as viewed from galactic center.
The Hill star map shows five parallel solid lines and the two parallel dashed lines connecting objects presumed to be stars. See Figure 11-1. ASTRO-METRICS asserts that the circles represent planetary orbits about two nearby stars and that they are connected by what appears to be parallel lines because they are relatively close together. Specifically, the two "nickel or dime size" circles indicate planetary orbits in a binary star system, one orbiting the A star and the other orbiting the B star. The five parallel lines between the circles indicate trade-routes (as the aliens themselves stated). The planets of these two stars are relatively close together. Notice also that there are other lines within these circles. In both cases, these lines are believed to represent another orbit of yet another planet. That is, at least two planets are found orbiting both this system's A and B star. The origin of the aliens must be from a planet related to the larger circle (thus, it is orbiting the A star) because that circle is the junction of all the lines of communication. The other system, with dashed parallel lines (those between stars S and V), must be the Sun/Vulcan system because the aliens were obviously visiting our solar system when the Hills were abducted.
All the lines between the nearby stars are actually parallel lines. Ms. Fish spoke extensively with Mrs. Hill who indicated that these appeared to be triangular flight paths between the stars (like "round trips"). Actually, these triangles are like "railroad tracks" merging into a single line in the distance.
This strange way of measuring distance provides a valuable clue as to where the aliens are from. ASTRO-METRICS concludes that this construct implies that the aliens are residents of one of the planetary satellites and that they measure distances in terms of that satellite's orbital diameter about its parent planet. The distances are measured in powers of two referenced to this base value. The base is their home satellite's orbital diameter. This may seem like a strange way to measure distance, but it is reasonable if the aliens count in powers of two (binary) as is asserted in ASTRO-METRICS' Chapter 12 and in the appendix considering their physiology.
Specifically, the Hill aliens are thought to be from the Alpha Centauri A star's solar system for the following reasons: 5
The Hill sketch indicates several "trade routes" between the two nearby large planets (or planetary satellites) of each principal (A or B) stars in the system. See Figure 11-5. The aliens are probably the residents of one or more of the large natural satellites orbiting these planets. The Hill "trade routes" are probably between different satellites of different planets of the A and B stars respectively.
Specifically, there are five parallel lines between the orbits of two planets of the A and B stars respectively. See Figure 11-1. This suggests a trade route between at least two satellites of these two planets respectively. See Figure 11-5. Possibly there are even three routes between three satellites if one of the lines was missed, or a sixth line was confused with one of the other lines.
Examining the separation of these lines, the right hand pair represents a satellite whose orbital diameter is about 0.183 AU (satellite h-2 or h-3) and the left hand pair represents a satellite whose orbital diameter is about 0.146 (satellite h-3 or h-4). See Table 10-2 in the previous section. All this assumes that the Hill aliens use as a base distance the orbital diameter of one of the satellites orbiting the h planet of the A star (as this analysis indicates they are doing). This assumption is reasonable since the A star is the terminus of the all the lines of communication. They may be occupying several of the satellites of planet h, h4 the most likely. Life span (increases?) and severe weather conditions may accompany life on the outer satellites.
Alpha Centauri and the Sun are separated by 4.3 light years (or 4.3 X 63,240 AU = 272,000 AU). This distance, divided by the diameter of the orbit of Satellite h-4 yields a height to base ratio of 21.1:1 (272,000/0.112 = 2,428,571 = 2x, then, x = 21.2). If the ratio of height to base of satellite h-1 is used, the ratio = 19.7:1 (272,000/0.32 = 850,000, then x = 19.7). Consequently, the length (of the triangular line segment) to its base ratio should range from 19.7 to 21.2 depending on whether the h-1 or h-4 satellite orbital diameter is being used as the base diameter.
Direct measurement from Mrs. Hill's sketch indicates the Alpha Centauri to the Sun triangular height to base ratio is 23:1. The Procyon star system is almost the same elevation above the galactic plane as the Sun/Vulcan star system. Procyon is 3.0 times farther away from Alpha Centauri than the Sun (and 3 = 21.6). Its triangular height to base ratio measures about 21:1 because it has a fatter base. Thus, the Alpha Centauri to Sun ratio should be less than this value by about (21:1 - 1.6:1 = 19.4. Another way to deduce this value is to notice that the depicted distance (triangular height) to Procyon is actually longer than that of the Alpha Centauri to Sun distance by about a factor of about 1.097. If this triangular height distance were "cut off" at the same distance the Alpha Centauri to Sun distance would be, the triangular height 21/1.097:1 = 19.14. Either 19.4:1 or 19.14:1 are essentially the same values to within measurement error.
The problem is that the base width of the two triangular distances in these two cases are different. In the former case, it is too small, in the latter case it is too large. Averaging the measured Alpha Centauri to Sun ratio and the corrected ratio using the Procyon to Sun distance corrected to the Alpha Centauri to the Sun distance yields an average height to base ratio of (19.4 + 23)/2 = 21.2 and (19.1 + 23)/2 = 21.05. Thus, for interstellar distances, the diameter of the h-4 innermost satellite orbit appears to be used by the Hill aliens.
The base of the star T triangle is the thinnest of all. But the height to base ratio is about 18. Thus, the star T separation distance is 0.112 X 218 = 29,360 AU. Proxima is known to be about 13,000 AU from Alpha Centauri A or B. Thus, this separation is too large by a factor of two. The linear distance on the Hill map should be 1/18 = 6% less than what Mrs Hill remembered. This is a small error on a map drawn from memory. Even so, the separation of the A/B star pair along with the separation of stars P, S and T from the orbit of a planet circling star A, all combine to imply that the Hill Aliens are from Alpha Centauri's A star planetary system
All this implies that satellite h-4 is their principal home world. Likely their first measurements of interstellar distances were performed from this satellite, where climatic variations caused by the rotation of the satellite about the large Jovian planet h were the least severe. The mass of satellite h-4 is modeled to be about 0.5 Earth masses, a little smaller than Venus but with about the same (0.8) surface gravity of Earth. However, it is possible that those involved in deep space missions are born on satellites h-1 or h-2. Climate variations would be more severe, but lifetimes would generally be longer.
The match of these interstellar distances serve to further validate that Alpha Centauri A is the home star system of the Hill aliens. Further, they appear to be residents of one or more of the satellites orbiting a Jovian sized planet that a little more than one AU from the Alpha Centauri G2 class star . These planet-sized satellites offer several home worlds for the Hill aliens. Physiological, cultural and length of life differentials are expected to exist between residents of these various satellites. Nevertheless, only one general ensouled life form is anticipated with it appearing generally physiologically similar to one another as do the cetaceans (whales and dolphins).
The Hill sketch further suggests that the next planet closer to its respective star is not in the same orbit plane as the planet whose orbit is indicated by the larger circle. This planet appears to have satellites (as is predicted for planet i) since interstellar flight triangles originate from a depressed trajectory towards UV Ceti. Also implied is that planet h's orbit has been cranked into an orbit possibly co-planer with the A/B star orbit plane. Additionally Figure 11-1 suggests that one of the trade routes is to satellites of both the i' and the h' planet orbiting the Alpha Centauri B star. This raises the possibility that there may be two sentient species in the Alpha Centauri B solar system.
The star to star line curvature Mrs. Hill remembered occurs because the alien map employs this strange binary distance scaled to a base value. Only multiple star systems (see Table 4-2) have been considered for the stars connected by "flight paths" found in Figures 11-3 and 11-4. This is because the ASTRO-METRIC concept implies that only multiple star systems can form planets. Some of the other stars that were not on the flight paths, like those "behind" or far above/below the star map, were not considered. One star map version, Figure 11- 3, is as the display would be viewed head - on from the galactic center. The other, Figure 11-4, is from a 45-degree angle to galactic center. The perspective of the stars change because Mrs. Hill was shown a holographic projection of the start map. Mrs. Hill seems to have remembered the star map from about 11 deg. off the head-on view because Proxima is just above the horizontal.
The double dashed parallel lines between Vulcan and the Sun imply astronomically close bodies. The length to breadth ratio is 14 at most, and more likely 12. Using the h-4 satellite's orbital diameter, the separation of these two bodies would be about 0.112 AU X 212 = 459 AU Previous scaling to Proxima distance yields a 553 AU distance between the Sun and Vulcan. The 459 AU value appears to be closer to the correct one based on the summary Section's reference 1. That reference indicates that Vulcan's aphelion (which occurred around 1970) was at 454 AU. The 459 AU value from the Hill star map is surprisingly close to that value, and the small difference between the two is considered fortuitous. Not surprisingly, it appears that the Hill aliens use their astronomical unit of length (the orbital diameter of their h-4 satellite home world) when measuring distances to, and within, other star systems.
It is thought that the solid lines illustrate the Hill aliens visit to the Sun/Vulcan system. If Vulcan is only 454 AU distant, Figure 11-1 suggests that their mother ships could be placed in orbit about Vulcan. Vulcan can be used to slow their trajectories when entering our solar system and that object would seldom (if ever) be watched by astronomers. Direct monitoring of LIDAR (laser radar) transmissions from their interstellar vessels offers a detection mechanism.7 LIDAR is anticipated to be used as a debris avoidance detector permitting their vessels to safely transit interstellar space without catastrophic collisions with debris such as space rocks. See the following Verification Section
Figures 11-3 and 11-4 indicates that the Hill aliens are making a determined effort to explore the 26 Draconis system (star D). This star system is of a geometry similar to their own. Both are trinary star systems with about the same class stars. The C-star is thought to be the outermost "planet" of the A-Star. This "planet" acquired enough hydrogen to ignite and become a small star just like Proxima Centauri did. Details of the A star's planets and planetary satellites are listed in Tables 10-1 and 10-2. The analysis performed in ASTRO-METRIC's chapters 12 & 13 offers a reason for the importance of the 26 Draconis system to them. A four - hop flight path was employed to reach this system. The Sun/Vulcan system may be just a "base camp" as far as reaching this system is concerned. In fact, we may only be objects of curiosity as they pass by on this far more important mission. Frequent contact with these aliens can be anticipated as their mission continues.
Aliens seem to have been visiting Earth between 1946 and 1958 at a quasi-periodic interval varying from 2.2 to 2.8 years based on UFO sightings.6 According to UFOlogists, the most common "aliens" encountered are the "Little Greys" (Hill aliens). This rate suggests periodic departures from Alpha Centauri every 2.2 (earth) years. It is likely that travel and communications at greater than light speed is currently impossible for them. Based on their visitation periodicity, their travel speeds are less than 98 % the speed of light. Time compression for these travelers is likely no less than 0.2.
The "star maps" shown in Figures 11-3 and 11-4 indicate they "hop" from multiple star system to multiple star system. Perhaps they stop at these stars for purposes of exploration. These stops and starts takes a lot of energy (and momentum). Few of us can appreciate the immensity of the distance between stellar systems. The call to once again be on "terra firma" (even if it is only water) may be enormous. Their expedition to 26 Draconis likely consumed 125 years (100 years of their lives), not counting time for exploration.
The foregoing does not offer conclusive "proof" that the Hill aliens are from the Alpha Centauri star system. However, it does appear that they are from satellites of a planet and their proposed method of counting seems to be a reasonable way of measuring interstellar distances. There is reasonable evidence that the Hill aliens originate from a three-star star system. Moreover, it is also reasonable that two of those stars are close together and another one is far removed. The scaled distance to Proxima Centauri seems to fit alright because it is below the "galactic" plane as defined by this alien star map. This could have caused Mrs. Hill to have incorrectly estimated the length of the base of that triangle. Alpha Centauri is also the nearest three-star star system with one of the stars very similar to our own sun. If "astral" radiation determines "body type" (as the body type definition from the Tzu Wei astrology indicates) then it is reasonable that the same forces that influence the structure of the human form also influenced their form (i.e. little Grey men). Also, the presence of three stars in the Alpha Centauri star system offers a mechanism for the formation of "avatars" for three separate sentient species just as Vulcan offers a method for the formation of our avatars. Thus, this star system could host three separate sentient life forms. These three sentient life forms would encourage the Hill aliens early on to explore space and perform a role of integrator or assimilator of the cultures of nearby sentient life forms.
1. John G. Fuller; THE INTERRUPTED JOURNEY; The Dial Press, New York, NY; 1966. Pg. 174.
2. Terence Dickson; THE ZETA RETICULI INCIDENT; Astronomy; Kalmbach Publishing Company, Crossroads Circle, P.O. Box 1612, Waukesha, WI 53187; December 1974; pg. 4.
3. ASTRO-METRICS OF UNDISCOVERED PLANETS AND INTELLIGENT LIFE FORMS; D & L Associates, P.O. Box 2581, Sunnyvale, CA 94087; 1994; pps. 90 - 91.
4. John G. Fuller; THE INTERRUPTED JOURNEY; op. cit. pg. 174.
5. Ken Croswell; DOES ALPHA CENTAURI HAVE INTELLIGENT LIFE?; Astronomy; Kalmbach Publishing Company, Crossroads Circle, P.O. Box 1612, Waukesha, WI 53187; Vol. 19 No. 4; April 1991; pgs. 28 & 36.
6. Jacques and Janine Vallee; CHALLENGE TO SCIENCE - THE UFO ENIGMA; Henry Regnery Company; 1966 or Ballantine Co., 201 E. 50th Street, New York, NY 10022; Chapter 8, pg. 138 ff.
7. Beishline, Blackburn and Warmkessel; DOWSING FOR EXTRA- TERRESTRIALS; American Association Of Dowsers; Fall 1995.
8. Leonard H. Stringfield; THE UFO CRASH/RETRIEVAL SYNDROME; Mutual UFO Network, 103 Oldtowne Rd., Seguin, TX 78155; pp. 11, 12 and 32.